K.E.I.N. Logo

Kansas Renewable Energy

Incentives & Programs

Go to:


FaceBook page

Energy News
Climate Change
Coalbed Methane
Energy Directory
Energy - General/Policy
Green Homes
Hydrogen/Fuel Cells
Natural Gas
Nuclear - Wolf Creek
Off-the-Grid Homes
Renewable Energy
  Green Tags
  Renewable Energy Issues
Terms & Definitions
Transportation Alternatives


About K.E.I.N.

Net Metering

In May 2009, Kansas passed the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act for Investor Owned Utilities (IOU's) only. That means, customers of Westar, KCP&L, and Empire District can now take advantage of this 1 to 1 net metering. Prior to this, only Kansas City BPU had net metering, which was first enacted in August 2007 and later revised in Dec. 2009. Regulations for net metering were approved by the KCC in July 2010, with individual utility riders following. See below for more info. In 2014, both the House and Senate introduced bills to repeal net metering in the state. The main three IOU utilities (Westar, KCP&L, and Empire District) backed and encouraged this effort, despite only having a total of 102, 26, and 0 (zero) net-metered customer-generators, respectively, on their system (in 2013, 2013, and 2014 respectively). See annual compliance reports below.

Kansas Info

Statute 66-1263 through 66-1271. Net metering and easy connection act - Net Metering Statute, Kansas

Net Metering Regulations - as approved by the Kansas Corporation Commission, July 9, 2010

KCP&L KS Net Metering Info, March 9, 2011
Residential customers up to 25 kw,
Non-residential customers up to 100 kw.

Westar Net Metering Rider, March 9, 2011
Residential customers up to 25 kw,
Non-residential customers up to 200 kw

Empire District Net Metering Rider, Effective April 1, 2011
Residential customers up to 25 kw,
Non-residential customers up to 200 kw

Flint Hills REC Net Metering / Parallel Generation

Rolling Hills Coop Net Metering / Parallel Generation, <200 kw systems

Kansas City Board of Public Utilities Net Metering policy - Kansas City Board of Public Utilities

Westar info on Net Metering and Customer-Generators - Westar Energy

Flint Hills Rural Electric Cooperative Net-Metering - Flint Hills Rural Electric Cooperative

Supplemental Note on Senate Substitute to HB 2369 - the energy bill that included the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act, 2009

KEPCo Net Metering Position - KEPCo

Testimony on HB 2713 by Bill Griffith - Kansas Sierra Club, Feb. 11, 2002

Missouri Info

KCP&L Net Metering Interconnection Agreement, MO Retail Service Area, Dec. 8, 2013;
Customers < 100 kw

U.S. Info

A REGULATOR’S GUIDEBOOK: Calculating the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Solar Generation - Interstate Renewable Energy Council, October 2013

Net Energy Metering, Zero Net Energy and The Distributed Energy Resource Future: Adapting For The 21st Century - Rocky Mountain Institute, March 2012

Freeing the Grid: Best and Worst Practices in State Net Metering Policies and Interconnection Procedures, Network for New Energy Choices, Nov. 2009 (Kansas given B for Net Metering and F for interconnection)

IREC Model Net-Metering Rules, Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Nov. 2006

Freeing the Grid: How Effective State Net Metering Laws Can Revolutionize U.S. Energy Policy, Network for New Energy Choices, Report No. 01-06, Nov. 2006

Net Metering Policies - EERE

Connecting to the Grid, (Net metering and interconnection standards by State) - Interstate Renewable Energy Council

Table of State and Utility Net-Metering Rules, Oct. 2006, (PDF, 107 KB) - Interstate Renewable Energy Council

Net Metering Rules for Renewable Energy - DSIRE


Kansas House Bill 2713, 2002, (PDF, 66 KB)
AN ACT concerning electrical generation and providing for net metering. Bill did NOT pass committee.

News & Viewpoints

The Rise of Distributed Generation Threatens Utilities
(Renewable Energy World, March 4, 2014

Committee puts net metering bill on hold in surprise vote
(Topeka Capital-Journal, Feb. 11, 2014

Westar/KCP&L lobby for lower solar reimbursement
(Topeka Capital-Journal, Feb. 4, 2014

Fissures in G.O.P. as Some Conservatives Embrace Renewable Energy
(New York Times, Jan. 25, 2014)

Power play: Utilities want solar users to pay up
(NBC News, Jan. 9, 2013)

Editorial: McPherson BPU instates net metering option
(McPherson Sentinel, Jan. 30, 2012)

Missouri relaxes net metering rule
(St. Louis Business Journal, July 17, 2009)

Missouri residents won't need insurance for some home power
(MSN Money, July 17, 2009)

Net metering impact not great so far
(Pratt Tribune, May 27, 2009)

Alternative energy will get boost from Neb. net metering law
(McCook (Neb.) Gazette, May 14, 2009)

Heineman signs net metering bill into law
(Lincoln (Neb.) Journal-Star, May 14, 2009)

New law may lower alternative energy costs
(Lawrence Journal-World, May 10, 2009)

Net metering moves Arizona energy rules out of dark ages
(The Zonie Report, April 14, 2009)

Missourians wanting to power their own homes are finding it difficult
(Kansas City Star, Jan. 2, 2009)

Three frequently asked questions about net metering (PDF, 278 KB), p. 4
(RuralPower, Kansas Electric Cooperatives newsletter, August 20, 2004)

Kansas legislators are cautious on a net-metering proposal (PDF, 485 KB), p. 2
(Newsmaker, KEPCo newsletter, January-March 2002)

Testimony on HB 2713 by Bill Griffith, Kansas Sierra Club, February 11, 2002)

Feed-in Tariff

A Feed-in Tariff is a renewable energy incentive that guarantee's a price for electricity. This type of Tariff is the primary incentive used for renewable energy in Germany and other European countries. Kansas does not have a feed-in tariff and to date hasn't seriously considered one. The States of Vermont and Rhode Island have each adopted Feed-in Tariffs (see below) and other states have considered it.

U.S. Info

Rhode Island Distributed Generation Standard Contracts, National Grid, 2013.

Order Establishing a Standard-offer Program for Qualifying SPEED Resources, Sept. 30, 2009
State of Vermont Public Service Board Docket 7533.

Renewable Energy Standard (RES)

In May 2009, Kansas passed the Renewable Energy Standards Act, requiring major utilities (not municipal utilities or most Rural Electric Cooperatives) to have 10% of their energy capacity (measured by the average peak load for the 3 years prior to each step) from renewable sources by 2010, 15% by 2016, and 20% by 2020. This replaced a voluntary RES agreed upon in 2007 by utilities and the Governor's office to meet the same goals. To meet the legislated RES, the utilities can purchase Renewable Energy Credits or generate their own power. If they generate their own, then each MW will count as 1.1 MW toward this RPS. Also note that the RES is based on rated-capacity and not energy produced.

Kansas Info

Statute 66-1256 through 66-1262. Renewable energy standards act - RES Statute, Kansas

White, S.W., K. Narita, C. Steger, The Renewable Portfolio Standard Works for Kansas: revealing the Distortion in the Kansas Beacon Hill report , NRDC Issue Brief, March 2013.

Narita, Kimiko, The Renewable Portfolio Standard: Boosting Kansas’s Economy, Natural Resource Council Fact Sheet, February 2013.

Kansas Legislative Research Department, Renewable Portfolio Standards and Wind Generated Electricity in Kansas, Kansas Legislator Briefing Book, 2013.

Glass, Bob and Lana Ellis, Testimony before the Joint Committee on Energy and Environmental Policy Regarding Costs and Effects to Ratepayers of an RPS, Kansas Corporation Commission, Nov. 20, 2012.

Anderson, A.C., B. Gibson, S.W. White, and L. Hagedorn, Economic Benefits of Kansas Wind Energy, Polsinelli-Shughart PC and Kansas Energy Information Network, November 19, 2012.

Tuerck, D.G., P. Bachman, M. Head, The Economic Impact of the Kansas Renewable Portfolio Standard, Kansas Policy Institute, July 2012.

Retail Rate Impact Report, Kansas Corporation Commission, March 1, 2013.

 Biennial Report on Electric Supply and Demand - Kansas Corporation Commission, Feb. 1, 2013

2011 Kansas Generation Planning Survey - Kansas Corporation Commission, Feb. 2012

Managing Compliance with the Kansas Renewable Energy Standards Act in NAR - North American Renewables Registry

Supplemental Note on Senate Substitute to HB 2369 - the energy bill that included the Renewable Energy Standards Act, 2009

Renewable Portfolio Standards/Renewable Fuels Standards: Issues, Implications, and Strategies, Richard Nelson, Engineering Extension Programs, K-State, Jan. 2006

U.S. Info

States with Renewable Portfolio Standards - EERE

Renewables Portfolio Standards for Renewable Energy - DSIRE


Kansas House Bill 2479, 2007, (PDF, 25 KB)
AN ACT concerning renewable portfolio standard for electric public utilities. Bill did NOT pass House Utilities Committee.

News & Viewpoints

Next legislative session could be end for Kansas’ renewable energy standard
(Wichita Eagle, Nov. 29, 2014)

Brownback wants to phase out Kansas energy rule
(Wichita Eagle, Sep. 3, 2014)

Brownback pledges to tap expertise on water policy
(Topeka Capital Journal, Sep. 3, 2014)

SW Kansas lawmaker says voting on repeal of green energy is no-brainer
(High Plains Public Radio, May 21, 2014)

Politically powerful renewable energy faces a threat in Kansas
(Wichita Eagle, May 20, 2014)

Rep. Dennis Hedke and Sen. Forrest Knox: Renewable mandate driving up energy costs
(Wichita Eagle, May 20, 2014)

House rebuffs another attempt to kill renewable standards
(Topeka Capitol-Journal, May 3, 2014)

Kansas House vote saves green energy rule
(Lawrence Journal-World, May 3, 2014)

Kansas House rejects repeal of renewable energy standards
(Kansas City Star, May 3, 2014)

Koch brothers, big utilities attack solar, green energy policies
(Los Angeles Times, April 19, 2014)

Renewable standards repeal advances to Senate
(Topeka Capital-Journal, March 20, 2014)

Senate panel advances bill to repeal renewable energy standards
(Wichita Eagle, March 20, 2014)

Kansas Senate committee votes to repeal renewable energy standards
(Lawrence Journal-World, March 20, 2014

Battle over renewable energy heating up
(Lawrence Journal-World, March 19, 2014

Douglas County allows wind energy company to apply for construction of two meteorological towers
(Lawrence Journal-World, Feb. 27, 2014

Legislative battle over renewable energy continues
(Topeka Capital-Journal, Feb. 16, 2014

Survey shows support for renewable energy law
(Topeka Capital-Journal, Jan. 23, 2014

Wind coalition’s poll finds support for renewable energy mandate
(Wichita Eagle, Jan. 23, 2014

Dorothy Barnett: Don’t roll back RES
(Wichita Eagle, Jan. 10, 2013)

Conservative legislators decry wind power mandate for utilities
(Wichita Eagle, Dec. 12, 2013)

Editorial: GOP Divided on RES
(Wichita Eagle, Dec. 8, 2013)

Francisco, others warn about attempts to change state’s renewable energy standard
(Lawrence Journal World, Dec. 6, 2013)

Bill would let state’s utilities buy renewable-energy credits
(Wichita Eagle, August 8, 2013)

Green-Energy Mandates Find Improbable Allies
(Wall Street Journal, July 17, 2013)

States Defend Clean-Energy Mandates Targeted by Conservatives
(Bloomberg, July 11, 2013)

Effort to push back renewable energy requirements fails in House committee
(Wichita Eagle, March 19, 2013)

Editorial: GOP’s mistaken attacks on renewable energy
(Kansas City Star, March 4, 2013)

Editorial: Legislators wise not to turn back on raising renewable energy standard
(Hutchinson News, March 4, 2013)

Climate Science, like evolution before, a Kansas Legislative controversy
(Wichita Eagle, March 1, 2013)

Low emissions are no justification for Kansas scaling back renewables
(The London Guardian Environment Blog, Feb. 21, 2013)

Kansas's Renewable Portfolio Standard Is Under Attack
(NRDC Blog, Feb. 16, 2013)

Rieber: Don’t roll back renewable-energy standards
(Wichita Eagle, Feb. 12, 2013)

Kansas considers pulling plug on renewable energy standards
(Topeka Capital-Journal, Feb. 10, 2013)

SEIA Cuts Ties With Controversial Anti-RPS Legislative Group
(Solar Industry, Dec. 4, 2012)

Renewable energy laws in cross-hairs of conservative groups
(St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Dec. 2, 2012)

ALEC will continue attacks on renewables quotas
(Windpower Monthly, Dec. 1, 2012)

ALEC & Heartland: Freedom Fighters?
(Environmental Defense Fund, Nov. 30, 2012)

Climate skeptic group works to reverse renewable energy mandates
(Washington Post, Nov. 24, 2012)

Climate policy advances in the states, but slowly
(Washington Post, Nov. 5, 2012)

Utilities favor mandate for renewable power
(Hutchinson News, Jan. 21, 2009)

Legislators urged to require utilities to use more renewable energy sources
(Lawrence Journal-World, Jan. 21, 2009)

New Hampshire approves renewable energy plan
(Concord (NH) Monitor, April 27, 2007)

Editorial: Show Energy Leadership
(Wichita Eagle, Nov. 20, 2006)

Green Tags

KEIN Green Tags page

Utility Green Pricing

Kansas Info

Westar Renewable Energy Program, effective Sept. 27, 2012
Cost: $1.00 per 100 kwh block

U.S. Info

Green Pricing - EERE

Utility Green Pricing Activities Map - EERE

Utility Programs by State Table - EERE


KEIN Home | Energy News | Biofuels | Climate Change | Coal | Coalbed Methane | Electricity | Efficiency/Conservation | Energy Directory | Energy - General/Policy | Ethanol | Green Homes | Hydropower | Hydrogen/Fuel Cells | Legislation | Natural Gas | Nuclear - Wolf Creek | Off-the-Grid Homes | Petroleum | Renewable Energy | Solar | Terms & Definitions | Transportation Alternatives | Wind |

The Kansas Energy Information Network is not responsible for the content on external web-sites.

Valid HTML 4.01! Comments to webmaster@kansasenergy.org
Last modified: 12/03/2014
The current URL is www.kansasenergy.org/renewable_issues.htm